Nikolaev

Observatory

Description

  • The Naval Astronomical Observatory, nowadays being called Research Institute “Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory”, was established in 1821 and it is one of the oldest in the Eastern Europe.
  • The Observatory started functioning in 1827 and performed functions of the Naval Observatory which provided the ships with nautical charts, accurate time devices, verified navigation instruments and chronometers, as well as trained naval officers in navigation techniques at sea.

The Naval Astronomical Observatory, nowadays being called Research Institute “Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory”, was established in 1821 and it is one of the oldest in the Eastern Europe. The Observatory started functioning in 1827 and performed functions of the Naval Observatory which provided the ships with nautical charts, accurate time devices, verified navigation instruments and chronometers, as well as trained naval officers in navigation techniques at sea. The Observatory is included in the preliminary list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites from Ukraine being integral historical and cultural protected area, architectural and astronomical complex.

The Naval Astronomical Observatory, nowadays being called Research Institute “Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory”, was established in 1821 and it is one of the oldest in the Eastern Europe. The Observatory started functioning in 1827 and performed functions of the Naval Observatory which provided the ships with nautical charts, accurate time devices, verified navigation instruments and chronometers, as well as trained naval officers in navigation techniques at sea. The Observatory is included in the preliminary list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites from Ukraine being integral historical and cultural protected area, architectural and astronomical complex.

Moreinfo · Observatory | Mykolaiv - Moreinfo

How to get there?

Fixed-route taxi No.3, No.43, No.45, No.63, No.163. Tram No.1.

And also nearby

HISTORY

  • The construction of the Naval Observatory started in 1821 under supervision of Admiral Alexey Greig, Chief Black Sea Fleet Commander.
  • He realized and felt the necessity to found this establishment in the city where the Black Sea Fleet is stationed. Fedir Wunsh, architect of the Black Sea Admiralty, was the author of the design of the main building. The construction took few years and in 1827 the Observatory started functioning to the utmost.

The construction of the Naval Observatory started in 1821 under supervision of Admiral Alexey Greig, Chief Black Sea Fleet Commander. He realized and felt the necessity to found this establishment in the city where the Black Sea Fleet is stationed. Fedir Wunsh, architect of the Black Sea Admiralty, was the author of the design of the main building. The construction took few years and in 1827 the Observatory started functioning to the utmost.

The main building in the style of classicism is a landmark of national significance. The building with the area 400 sq.m., has a specific shape, an unusual round hall, masonry and walls being empty inside.

It is located on the highest spot in the city, Spassky hillside - 52 m above sea level. The Observatory used to work for the needs of navigation: to solve navigation issues, in particular, to measure high-precision time. Karl Knorre became the first director and astronomer of the Naval Observatory in Mykolaiv. The scientist had been in charge of the Observatory for 50 years. The teaching of navy officers has been carried out and various scientific astronomic researches have been made during this period of time.

Knorre became the author of the Berlin Academy of Science’s 5th sheet of the star map. The Observatory had been drawing up nautical charts for the fleet during XIX century.
Navigators learned how to determine the position of a ship by stars. In 1912 the Observatory was handed over to the Pulkovo Observatory (St. Petersburg) and obtained
its "land" status. During the Ukrainian national liberation war and the German occupation they managed to save tools, a library and archival documents in the Observatory.

Starting from 1992 the Astronomical Observatory has been functioning as an independent scientific institution, having modern equipment and qualified scientific personnel: Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics. All researches of the starry sky carried out by Mykolaiv astronomers are published in world catalogs. In 2002, the observatory gained the official status of an independent scientific institution.

The axial meridian circle (AMC) - an automatic telescope of original design - was created and brought into action in the observatory. In 1999 it was included in the list of the Ukrainian national heritage.

At present, researches in body dynamics of the Solar system are being made, the study of near-Earth space is being conducted, and star positions are being catalogued. The Observatory provides with information support to astronomical researches, astronomical equipment, and the history of astronomy.

Lectures and demonstrations of the starry sky are held to popularize astronomical science. Currently work on the creation of Mykolaiv Virtual Observatory (MVO) as part of the Ukrainian National Virtual Observatory is being conducted.

The construction of the Naval Observatory started in 1821 under supervision of Admiral Alexey Greig, Chief Black Sea Fleet Commander. He realized and felt the necessity to found this establishment in the city where the Black Sea Fleet is stationed. Fedir Wunsh, architect of the Black Sea Admiralty, was the author of the design of the main building. The construction took few years and in 1827 the Observatory started functioning to the utmost.

The main building in the style of classicism is a landmark of national significance. The building with the area 400 sq.m., has a specific shape, an unusual round hall, masonry and walls being empty inside.

It is located on the highest spot in the city, Spassky hillside - 52 m above sea level. The Observatory used to work for the needs of navigation: to solve navigation issues, in particular, to measure high-precision time. Karl Knorre became the first director and astronomer of the Naval Observatory in Mykolaiv. The scientist had been in charge of the Observatory for 50 years. The teaching of navy officers has been carried out and various scientific astronomic researches have been made during this period of time.

Knorre became the author of the Berlin Academy of Science’s 5th sheet of the star map. The Observatory had been drawing up nautical charts for the fleet during XIX century.
Navigators learned how to determine the position of a ship by stars. In 1912 the Observatory was handed over to the Pulkovo Observatory (St. Petersburg) and obtained
its "land" status. During the Ukrainian national liberation war and the German occupation they managed to save tools, a library and archival documents in the Observatory.

Starting from 1992 the Astronomical Observatory has been functioning as an independent scientific institution, having modern equipment and qualified scientific personnel: Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics. All researches of the starry sky carried out by Mykolaiv astronomers are published in world catalogs. In 2002, the observatory gained the official status of an independent scientific institution.

The axial meridian circle (AMC) - an automatic telescope of original design - was created and brought into action in the observatory. In 1999 it was included in the list of the Ukrainian national heritage.

At present, researches in body dynamics of the Solar system are being made, the study of near-Earth space is being conducted, and star positions are being catalogued. The Observatory provides with information support to astronomical researches, astronomical equipment, and the history of astronomy.

Lectures and demonstrations of the starry sky are held to popularize astronomical science. Currently work on the creation of Mykolaiv Virtual Observatory (MVO) as part of the Ukrainian National Virtual Observatory is being conducted.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • When excavating a pit for the future observatory, the remains of an ancient building have been found. They are supposed to be the remains of the bottom of a Greek temple.
  • When the Observatory was carrying out activities under the “maritime” status, K.Kh. Knorre and I.E. Kortazzi were directors of the Observatory, at that time hydrographic works on the Azov, Black and Marmara Seas were performed, descriptions were made and more precise geographical coordinates of reference points of the sea maps were determined.
  • The Observatory has been keeping high-precision pendulum clock, which once served as a standard of time. The accuracy of the clock is one tenth of a millisecond. The clock respond to various types of oscillations of the earth's surface at a distance of up to 10 thousand km to the east and west and are effective for recording earthquake
  • With help of the axial meridian circle (AMC), an automatic telescope of original design, it is possible to conduct positional observations of stars and small planets up to the 16th magnitude. For comparison, our eye sees the sixth-magnitude stars. The Library of Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory has more than 70,000 scientific papers. There are specimens up to 400 years old.
  • "Mobitel", a mobile automatic multi-channel telescope, was developed and assembled by the personnel of the Research Institute “Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory”. The first telescope observations took place in December 2009. Since August 2010 regular telescope observations have been conducted.
  • When excavating a pit for the future observatory, the remains of an ancient building have been found. They are supposed to be the remains of the bottom of a Greek temple.
  • When the Observatory was carrying out activities under the “maritime” status, K.Kh. Knorre and I.E. Kortazzi were directors of the Observatory, at that time hydrographic works on the Azov, Black and Marmara Seas were performed, descriptions were made and more precise geographical coordinates of reference points of the sea maps were determined.
  • The Observatory has been keeping high-precision pendulum clock, which once served as a standard of time. The accuracy of the clock is one tenth of a millisecond. The clock respond to various types of oscillations of the earth's surface at a distance of up to 10 thousand km to the east and west and are effective for recording earthquake
  • With help of the axial meridian circle (AMC), an automatic telescope of original design, it is possible to conduct positional observations of stars and small planets up to the 16th magnitude. For comparison, our eye sees the sixth-magnitude stars. The Library of Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory has more than 70,000 scientific papers. There are specimens up to 400 years old.
  • "Mobitel", a mobile automatic multi-channel telescope, was developed and assembled by the personnel of the Research Institute “Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory”. The first telescope observations took place in December 2009. Since August 2010 regular telescope observations have been conducted.