Kaniv

Kaniv

Description

  • Dnepr, Ros, Rosava, Rusichi, Kievan Rus, the Cossack state, Taras Shevchenko - all these symbols of the history of Ukraine are connected with Kanev.
  • Kaniv - a city of regional significance Cherkasy region.
  • The territory of the city is 1,742 hectares. The population is 24,000 people.
  • The date of foundation of the city is officially established - 1078.

Dnipro, Ros, Rosava, Rusychi, Kievan Rus, the Cossack state, Taras Shevchenko - all these symbols of Ukrainian history are connected with the Kanev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, where the history of the Ukrainian nation was created on the slopes of the Dnieper Circle for centuries.

Kaniv is a city of regional significance of Cherkasy region.

The territory of the city is 1742 hectares .. The population is 24 thousand people.

The official date of the city's founding was 1078.

Dnipro, Ros, Rosava, Rusychi, Kievan Rus, the Cossack state, Taras Shevchenko - all these symbols of Ukrainian history are connected with the Kanev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, where the history of the Ukrainian nation was created on the slopes of the Dnieper Circle for centuries.

Kaniv is a city of regional significance of Cherkasy region.

The territory of the city is 1742 hectares .. The population is 24 thousand people.

The official date of the city's founding was 1078.

How to get there?

HISTORY

  • Since the beginning of VII. Kanevschina becomes the center of the formation of the Old Russian (Kiev) state.
  • The first chronicle mention of Kanev dates back to 1144.
  • In the middle of the 12th century Kanev was a big city and played an important role in the life of Ancient Russia.
  • From 1362 Kanevschina became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and from 1569 Kanev was taken over by the Polish gentry.
  • At the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries, Kanevshchyna became one of the first and most important centers for the formation of the Ukrainian Cossacks.

The territory of Kaniv was inhabited from ancient times, this was facilitated by favorable natural conditions - the presence of rivers, meadows, mountains, forests. The first person on the territory of Kanivshchyna appears about 40 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the remnants of parking of primitive people in the vicinity of Kanev and the findings during the construction of the Kaniv HPP.

In the archeological cultural layers, there are remnants of material and spiritual culture, starting with the Paleolithic (25 thousand years ago). The settlements of the Mesolithic, the world-famous Trypillian culture (IV-III millennium BC), the Middle Dnipro culture of the Bronze Age (II millennium BC), Scythian antiquities (VI-IV centuries BC) were found here. ), early Slavic (VІ-VІІ st.), Old Russian (VIII-IX centuries) monuments. Total - more than 30 attractions.

There are many legends and hypotheses about the origin of the city's name: the name of the city comes from the bird of the buzzard; from the Kaniv River flowing in this place; from the Turkic word, which in translation means "the place of blood". An interesting hypothesis is that Kaniv founded the courageous dew of the Kanias in the 5th century. not.
From the beginning of the VII century. Kaniv oblast becomes the center of the formation of the Old Russian (Kiev) state, protecting its south-eastern borders. Ancient Kaniv was not only a fortress that rose on the Moskovka Hill, but also a chain of settlements, religious buildings, fortifications along the Dnieper coast.

The first annalistic mention of Kaniv dates back to 1144, when Prince Vsevolod Ol'govich founded the church of St. George (later the Cathedral of the Assumption). In 1149, Yuri Dolgoruky planted his son Gleb, the prince of Kaniv. However, the "Pechersk Paterik" refers to the arrival of Greek icon painters in Kiev, they passed through the Dnieper through the Kaniv between 1074 and 1088 years.

In the middle of the 12th century. Kaniv was a big city and played an important role in the life of Ancient Russia. He was one of the most important shopping centers of Kievan Rus, the center of a separate principality and the center of the diocese, because he had an episcopal chair. Kaniv, in particular, was the prince in the hand of the grandsons of Vladimir Monomakh-Hliba (son of Yuri Dolgoruky) and Mstislav (son of the Grand Duke of Kiev Mstislav), son of the Grand Duke Roman, founder (in 1199) of the Galician-Volyn state.

The opinion is that as a result of the invasion of Batu Sain Khan's troops in 1239-1240 in Ukraine, Kahn was transformed by the Mongols of the Golden Horde into the residence of the Baskaks.

The territory of Kaniv was inhabited from ancient times, this was facilitated by favorable natural conditions - the presence of rivers, meadows, mountains, forests. The first person on the territory of Kanivshchyna appears about 40 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the remnants of parking of primitive people in the vicinity of Kanev and the findings during the construction of the Kaniv HPP.

In the archeological cultural layers, there are remnants of material and spiritual culture, starting with the Paleolithic (25 thousand years ago). The settlements of the Mesolithic, the world-famous Trypillian culture (IV-III millennium BC), the Middle Dnipro culture of the Bronze Age (II millennium BC), Scythian antiquities (VI-IV centuries BC) were found here. ), early Slavic (VІ-VІІ st.), Old Russian (VIII-IX centuries) monuments. Total - more than 30 attractions.

There are many legends and hypotheses about the origin of the city's name: the name of the city comes from the bird of the buzzard; from the Kaniv River flowing in this place; from the Turkic word, which in translation means "the place of blood". An interesting hypothesis is that Kaniv founded the courageous dew of the Kanias in the 5th century. not.
From the beginning of the VII century. Kaniv oblast becomes the center of the formation of the Old Russian (Kiev) state, protecting its south-eastern borders. Ancient Kaniv was not only a fortress that rose on the Moskovka Hill, but also a chain of settlements, religious buildings, fortifications along the Dnieper coast.

The first annalistic mention of Kaniv dates back to 1144, when Prince Vsevolod Ol'govich founded the church of St. George (later the Cathedral of the Assumption). In 1149, Yuri Dolgoruky planted his son Gleb, the prince of Kaniv. However, the "Pechersk Paterik" refers to the arrival of Greek icon painters in Kiev, they passed through the Dnieper through the Kaniv between 1074 and 1088 years.

In the middle of the 12th century. Kaniv was a big city and played an important role in the life of Ancient Russia. He was one of the most important shopping centers of Kievan Rus, the center of a separate principality and the center of the diocese, because he had an episcopal chair. Kaniv, in particular, was the prince in the hand of the grandsons of Vladimir Monomakh-Hliba (son of Yuri Dolgoruky) and Mstislav (son of the Grand Duke of Kiev Mstislav), son of the Grand Duke Roman, founder (in 1199) of the Galician-Volyn state.

The opinion is that as a result of the invasion of Batu Sain Khan's troops in 1239-1240 in Ukraine, Kahn was transformed by the Mongols of the Golden Horde into the residence of the Baskaks.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • On August 1, 1601, the city of Kanev was granted Magdeburg Law.
  • On Sept. 17, 1678 Turks entered the Kaniv.
  • From 1775, Kaniv passed into the personal property of the Polish king Stanislaus Augustus, and later his nephew Stanislav Poniatovsky.
  • From 1793, due to the second division of Poland, Kaniv entered the Kiev province of the Russian Empire.
  • From 1837 Kaniv became a county town.
  • May 22, 1861, the remains of the great Ukrainian writer and artist, the true patriot of Ukraine Taras Shevchenko (1814 - 1861) were buried in Kaniv, Chernecha mountain.
  • At the beginning of the twentieth century, there were 9,245 inhabitants in the city.
  • From the end of August 1919 to January 1920, in the power of Kaniv, there was the Denikin Army, and by June 1920 the city was kept by the Poles.
  • On May 31, 1964, the first stone under the Kaniv HPP was laid in Kaniv.
  • Kaniv is included in the list of historical cities of Ukraine and is the winner of the action "7 wonders of Ukraine: historical cities and towns".
  • On August 1, 1601, the city of Kanev was granted Magdeburg Law.
  • On Sept. 17, 1678 Turks entered the Kaniv.
  • From 1775, Kaniv passed into the personal property of the Polish king Stanislaus Augustus, and later his nephew Stanislav Poniatovsky.
  • From 1793, due to the second division of Poland, Kaniv entered the Kiev province of the Russian Empire.
  • From 1837 Kaniv became a county town.
  • May 22, 1861, the remains of the great Ukrainian writer and artist, the true patriot of Ukraine Taras Shevchenko (1814 - 1861) were buried in Kaniv, Chernecha mountain.
  • At the beginning of the twentieth century, there were 9,245 inhabitants in the city.
  • From the end of August 1919 to January 1920, in the power of Kaniv, there was the Denikin Army, and by June 1920 the city was kept by the Poles.
  • On May 31, 1964, the first stone under the Kaniv HPP was laid in Kaniv.
  • Kaniv is included in the list of historical cities of Ukraine and is the winner of the action "7 wonders of Ukraine: historical cities and towns".