Nikolaev

Ancient settlement “Dykyi sad” (lit. “Wild garden”)

Description

  • The place-name “Wild Garden” occurred in XIX century, at the time when Admiral Greig set up a garden over there.

“Wild Garden”, “Steppe Troya”, settlements of LateBronze age. A settlement of the Cimmerians seen by Homer
The place-name “Wild Garden” occurred in XIX century, at the time when Admiral Greig set up a garden over there. As time went on, the trees stopped bearing fruits and little by little the place got the name “Wild garden”. There are no apple trees here for a long time, nor the Temple of Vesta, but this place is one of the most interesting monuments located in the center of Mykolaiv.

“Wild Garden”, “Steppe Troya”, settlements of LateBronze age. A settlement of the Cimmerians seen by Homer
The place-name “Wild Garden” occurred in XIX century, at the time when Admiral Greig set up a garden over there. As time went on, the trees stopped bearing fruits and little by little the place got the name “Wild garden”. There are no apple trees here for a long time, nor the Temple of Vesta, but this place is one of the most interesting monuments located in the center of Mykolaiv.

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HISTORY

  • Ancient settlement “Wild garden” is the only archeological site that kept the remains of the Black Sea port city of the legendary Troy.
  • In 1927 Feodosii Kaminskyi, famous Ukrainian archeologist, dug out an ancient bronze copper.
  • Just from this moment a history of the ancient settlement started. The arrest and jail placement of the archeologist held up the research and only in 1991 the excavation works were renewed.

Ancient settlement “Wild garden” is the only archeological site that kept the remains of the Black Sea port city of the legendary Troy. In 1927 Feodosii Kaminskyi, famous Ukrainian archeologist, dug out an ancient bronze copper. Just from this moment a history of the ancient settlement started. The arrest and jail placement of the archeologist held up the research and only in 1991 the excavation works were renewed.

Archeologist discovered that the ancient settlement had been developing within XIII – XI centuries BC and it was coaeval with Troy. People settling down on this territory are the Cimmerians, nomad tribes, representatives of the North Iranian language group. The unique character is that the Cimmerians settled down on this place and established a large settlement.

The remains of defense construction, economic and religious buildings have been found on the territory of the settlement. The temple which has been found testified that the inhabitants had worshiped the Sun. During the excavations more than seventy bronze items have been found: piercers, axes, knives, big bronze coopers. About one hundred bone items: psalia, objects for rope platting, skates. Over 150 stone artifacts – stelae, grinding tools, maces, hammers, crockery. All the artifacts which have been found are kept at the Regional Museum of Regional Studies “Staroflotski kazarmy” (lit. “Old Navy Barracks”).

Ancient settlement “Wild garden” is the only archeological site that kept the remains of the Black Sea port city of the legendary Troy. In 1927 Feodosii Kaminskyi, famous Ukrainian archeologist, dug out an ancient bronze copper. Just from this moment a history of the ancient settlement started. The arrest and jail placement of the archeologist held up the research and only in 1991 the excavation works were renewed.

Archeologist discovered that the ancient settlement had been developing within XIII – XI centuries BC and it was coaeval with Troy. People settling down on this territory are the Cimmerians, nomad tribes, representatives of the North Iranian language group. The unique character is that the Cimmerians settled down on this place and established a large settlement.

The remains of defense construction, economic and religious buildings have been found on the territory of the settlement. The temple which has been found testified that the inhabitants had worshiped the Sun. During the excavations more than seventy bronze items have been found: piercers, axes, knives, big bronze coopers. About one hundred bone items: psalia, objects for rope platting, skates. Over 150 stone artifacts – stelae, grinding tools, maces, hammers, crockery. All the artifacts which have been found are kept at the Regional Museum of Regional Studies “Staroflotski kazarmy” (lit. “Old Navy Barracks”).

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Ancient settlement “Wild garden” is the only archeological object in Ukraine of Late Bronze age. It is 1000 years younger than the Egyptian pyramids and 500 years older than the Ancient Olbia.
  • Feodosii Kaminskyi, famous Ukrainian archeologist who had discovered the ancient settlement “Wild garden”, was arrested in 1929 by the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs on charges of participating in activity of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine. He was rehabilitated in 1954.
  • “Wild garden” coaeval with Troy. According to archeologists, Homer wrote in the Odyssey about the Cimmerians who lived in the ancient settlement: “….. It’s a country and a city of the Cimmerians…”
  • The climate period of the Wild Garden is the Subboreal. At that time it was warmer and more humid than at present. There were wolverines and deer in the woods. The Greeks thought that the northern Black Sea coast was a place of eternal cold and darkness.
  • When studying bones, Ukrainian and Swedish archeologists came to the conclusion that the Cimmerians used skates. It became a sensation in the historical environment, because it was believed that the first to use skates were Vikings.
  • The most valuable is the fact that Ancient settlement “Wild garden” is located in the city of Mykolaiv, at surface of the Earth.
  • Ancient settlement “Wild garden” is the only archeological object in Ukraine of Late Bronze age. It is 1000 years younger than the Egyptian pyramids and 500 years older than the Ancient Olbia.
  • Feodosii Kaminskyi, famous Ukrainian archeologist who had discovered the ancient settlement “Wild garden”, was arrested in 1929 by the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs on charges of participating in activity of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine. He was rehabilitated in 1954.
  • “Wild garden” coaeval with Troy. According to archeologists, Homer wrote in the Odyssey about the Cimmerians who lived in the ancient settlement: “….. It’s a country and a city of the Cimmerians…”
  • The climate period of the Wild Garden is the Subboreal. At that time it was warmer and more humid than at present. There were wolverines and deer in the woods. The Greeks thought that the northern Black Sea coast was a place of eternal cold and darkness.
  • When studying bones, Ukrainian and Swedish archeologists came to the conclusion that the Cimmerians used skates. It became a sensation in the historical environment, because it was believed that the first to use skates were Vikings.
  • The most valuable is the fact that Ancient settlement “Wild garden” is located in the city of Mykolaiv, at surface of the Earth.